Thứ Tư, 25 tháng 5, 2016

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The Martian is a 2015 British-American science fiction film routed by Ridley Scott as well as starring Matt Damon, based on Andy Dam's 2011 novel The Martian. Damon stars as an astronaut who is incorrectly assumed dead and left on Mars. The film portrays his battle to endure and also others' efforts to save him. The movie's set cast also showcases Jessica Chastain, Kristen Wiig, Jeff Daniels, Michael Peña, Kate Mara, Sean Bean, Sebastian Stan, Aksel Hennie, and also Chiwetel Ejiofor.

Producer Simon Kinberg began developing the film after 20th Century Fox optioned the unique in March 2013, which Goddard adjusted into a screenplay as well as was originally attached to direct, but the movie did stagnate onward. Scott changed Goddard, and with Damon in place as the primary personality, production was authorized. Filming started in November 2014 and lasted about 70 days. Some 20 sets were built on a sound phase in Budapest, Hungary, among the biggest in the world. Wadi Rum in Jordan was also used as a practical scenery for shooting.

The film premiered at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 2015, complied with by the USA' theatrical release on October 2, 2015 by 20th Century Fox. The film was released in 2D, 3D, IMAX 3D and also 4DX. [5] The film got favorable reviews and also has earned over $630 million globally, ending up being Scott's highest-grossing film to this day, along with the tenth-highest-grossing film of 2015. It obtained a number of awards, including the Golden World Honor for Ideal Motion Picture-- Music or Comedy, as well as seven Academy Honor elections, including Ideal Photo and Ideal Adapted Movie script for Goddard. Damon won the Golden Globe for Ideal Star in a Musical or Funny and was chosen for a number of awards including the Academy Honor for Ideal Star, the BAFTA for Finest Actor, and the Critic's Option Give for Best Star.
The crew of the Ares III manned goal to Mars is discovering the Acidalia Planitia on Martian solar day (sol) 18 of their 31-sol exploration. A suddenly strong black blizzard endangers to topple their Mars Climb Car (MAV), forcing them to quickly leave the planet. Throughout the discharge, astronaut Mark Watney is struck by particles and shed in the tornado; the last telemetry from his match shows no indications of life. Since he was assumed dead, objective commander Melissa Lewis provides the order to the staying team at risk to introduce to return to their orbiting vessel Hermes without him.

Watney awakens after the storm to a reduced oxygen caution, in pain, as well as makes his means to the "Hab," or "environment," the staff's main office. He removes a piece of antenna from his match's biomonitor-- which caused the wrong life-sign readings-- and his own upper body, sewing himself up. He starts a video journal and recognizes that his only chance of rescue is the arrival of the Ares IV staff at the Schiaparelli crater, 3,200 kilometers away, in four years. Computing that he has enough food to last only 300 sols (about 309 days), Watney, a botanist, improvises a ranch with Martian dirt fed with human waste, water created by removing hydrogen from leftover rocket fuel, as well as potatoes saved for a Thanksgiving meal. He starts to customize the only functional rover to make long journeys throughout Mars.

Assessing satellite photos of Mars, mission supervisor Vincent Kapoor and satellite coordinator Mindy Park realize Watney has actually made it through. Regardless of the objections of Hermes flight supervisor Mitch Henderson, NASA supervisor Teddy Sanders decides not to educate the Ares III crew, believing it would distract them from their objective.

Watney takes the vagabond to get the Pathfinder probe, which dropped silent in 1997. Making use of the lander's cam, he establishes primary interaction with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) group making use of the hexadecimal system. NASA instructs Watney to customize the rover to relate to Pathfinder so they could communicate through text. Watney becomes angry when he finds out that the team has actually not been determined of his survival, and Sanders authorizes Henderson to inform them.

Henderson as well as JPL supervisor Bruce Ng create a plan to send a space probe to Mars and resupply Watney with enough food to endure up until Ares IV's arrival. When the Hab's airlock malfunctions and also explosively unwinds, damaging Watney's plant, Sanders orders the team to accelerate the supply goal by skipping the safety examinations. The supply probe blows up soon after liftoff.

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The China National Space Administration supplies NASA the "Tai yang Shen," a classified booster that can carry a payload to Mars. Meanwhile, JPL astrodynamicist Rich Purnell creates a trajectory to send out Hermes back to Mars quicker, making use of the Chinese booster to instead resupply it for an additional eighteen months. Sanders rejects the strategy, refusing to take the chance of the staff, yet Henderson surreptitiously sends out the information to Hermes. Lewis as well as her staff ballot unanimously to implement the strategy, and NASA-- helpless to stop them-- proceeds with the resupply as Hermes zip Earth, using its gravitational force to slingshot them back to Mars.

After 461 sols, Watney begins the 90 sol quest to Schiaparelli, where the MAV for the Ares IV mission has actually been prepositioned. To meet Hermes, Watney makes drastic alterations to reduce the MAV's mass, eliminating tools consisting of the home windows, nose cone, and also outside panels. With Watney on board the gutted MAV, the Hermes team launches it from another location, but it does not reach the intended speed and also altitude. Lewis has Hermes use its navigating thrusters to alter course as well as eruptive decompression of its very own inner environment to adjust its rate. When even that is insufficient, Lewis uses a Manned Maneuvering Device to approach Watney's vessel, but still can not reach him. Watney punctures the glove of his stress fit and makes use of the escaping air as a mini thruster to get to Lewis. The crew is reunited, as crowds around the globe applaud the information.

After returning to Planet, Watney starts a brand-new life as a survival coach for brand-new astronaut candidates. Five years later on, on the celebration of the Ares V goal launch, those involved in Watney's rescue have actually returned to their lives or begun new lives.
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